Periodontal disease (or gum disease) develops as the result of plaque buildup. Bacteria living within the plaque can attack the gums and teeth, causing inflammation. To treat periodontal disease, there are several options available at our dentistry in 77057. At Dental Art in Houston, TX, we can improve the health of your gums with dental scaling, root planing, and/or periodontal surgery.
You may have heard this referred to as a deep clean. While a routine dental cleaning removes plaque and tartar from the surface of the teeth, a deep clean goes below the gum line as well. Scaling consists of removing all plaque and tartar (hardened plaque) from above and below the gum line. Following this, the dentist will plane the tooth roots, smoothing them out to help the gums reattach to the teeth and also to help prevent bacteria from collecting on the tooth surface. Scaling and planing are periodontal treatments used to help the gum tissue heal and to shrink the periodontal pockets.
There are several types of gum surgery available to treat periodontal disease. Each procedure involves cutting into the gums. Gingival flap surgery cleans below the pockets, a gingivectomy removes excess gum tissue, and a gingivoplasty reshapes healthy gum tissue. Periodontal surgery may also include bone surgery, bone grafts, and soft-tissue grafts. During your consultation, your dentist will discuss the options available to you and help you decide on the most suitable procedure.
Following any kind of periodontal therapy, your dentist near 77057 will inform you of how to properly care for the teeth and gums to prevent the need for further treatment. You may need to make more frequent visits to our dentistry in 77057, in addition to cleaning appointments, so that your dentist can check up on the health of your gums.